Treatment of lower leg capillaries and evaluation of the venous circulation
Capillaries of the lower leg are cutaneous blemishes due to a pathological dilation of small veins ( less than 3 mm diameter). They represent the I stage of the Chronic Venous Disease of the lower leg.
Symptoms: capillaries of the lower leg may not cause any trouble; it often happens that patients report problems as heavy legs, itch (expecially in those areas where the capillaries are more numerous) and restless legs syndrome, when it is hot.
Before starting any treatment, it is important to undergo a specific medical examination which requires a Color Doppler ultrasonography. Often capillaries may hide a more serious problem that needs to be trated as soon as possible to reach the desired effect.
Sclerotherapy is the most common procedure fot the treatment of capillaries. We inject a chemical substance in liquid or foam form (Scleromousse o Sclerofoam) insede the capillaries by small needles. The treated capillaries undergo an inflammatory process that leads to a bleaching process and then they disappear. This procedure needs one session every 2 or 4 weeks.
Generally Laser treatment is perform after Sclerotherapy. After cooling the treated area, we hit the capillary with an extern laser light (transdermal application) that helps to occlude and make the capillar disappear.
There is another laser procedure which is the INTRAPERIVENOUS one. We enter under the skin with an optical fibre and we treat capillaries by the contact with the fibre itself.
Every procedures are carried out as an outpatient without any anesthetic
The patient can move right after the procedure and he can get back to his normal routine. Some wheals may appear but they disappear in a few hours. Some small hematomas may appear but they disappear in a few days.
For the TRANSDERMAL treatment we apply an anti-inflammatory and moisturizing cream. The patient can move right after the procedure and he can get back to his normal routine.
For the INTRAPERIVENOUS treatment we apply an anti-inflammatory and moisturizing cream and small swabs on the treated areas. The patient can move right after the procedure and he can get back to his normal routine.